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It has been on loan to us and whilst we may extend the loan period or even become the owners, it may be that soon the magic lantern will return to the family who loaned it to us. Occasionally objects like the magic lantern and slides come up on TV antiques programmes and the presenters invariably say the slides are more interesting than the projector itself.
We would agree with that although the slides, without a projector, need a bit of modern technology to make much of them. Magic lantern slide of the double slipper type and dating from about The slide dates from the second half of the 19 th century.
That sliding piece of glass is called a slipper. Artistry and accuracy were needed to make these slides since the images are hand painted. Only the well to do folks could afford them. And one such person was Charles Hitchcock — related to the family who loaned us the projector and slides.
He owned the Fiddington Asylum in the mid to late 19 th century and perhaps he used slide shows to amuse the residents. Many of the slides carry his hand written initials, like this one. Charles Hitchcock of Fiddington Asylum owned these early moving picture slides. This one is a single slipper slide and you can probably already glean what happens.
Magic Lanterns and Lantern Slides | Collectors Weekly
Here, a budding Romeo is serenading his Juliet whilst standing on a barrel. Inevitably, he falls in. This entry was posted on July 24, at 5: You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2. Such sets also came with what is referred to as a reading, or script describing the story slide by slide. Americans developed a technique for making slides that was rarely used elsewhere in the world: He made more than drawings which were reproduced as magic lantern slides.
His drawings, and the slides that were produced from them, covered an amazingly wide view of American life. For more information on Joseph Boggs Beale click here. Just one of the major producers of photographic slides was The Keystone View Company. From to , the Keystone View Company produced thousand of images of people and places from the United States and around the world. The photos are of historical, social, cultural, and geographic interest.
In the Keystone View Company began its Educational Department, selling stereo views and glass lantern slides the forerunner of the photo transparency, later used in slide projectors to schools throughout the country. They also produced lantern slide projection equipment. One of the methods to produce photo lantern slides was to make a contact glass copy from the original glass negative. Many black and white slides are hand colored and are often listed as hand painted.
These slides can have a very high quality hand coloring and be misidentified as hand painted. There were many mass produced hand colored slides that had a very quick color application as shown on left. The American sized slides were produced in the hundreds of thousands, and covered just about every imaginable subject.
Some American slides were called lightweight with only one piece of glass with a cover glass and framed in a light cardboard.
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They are, of course, more fragile and prone to scratching or other damage. On eBay there are over six to eight thousand slides listed daily. One dealer alone has over sixty two thousand slides. There were over six hundred producers listed in the incomplete society listing of slide producers and during a one hundred ninety year period, , there were hundreds of thousands of slides produced. There were attempts to make colored photographic lantern slides with starch grains, but they did not survive in large numbers, and had a tendency to be somewhat fragile.
The Autochorome, more dense than other transparencies, was the first widespread transparent color process. There were five or six others developed in the first part of the twentieth century. All were inferior to the Kodak transparency film that came to market in the s and rapidly displaced hand colored slides as the slide of choice. Eventually, the magic lantern did more than just project images on a wall.
Magic Lantern Slides
By sliding two images over each other, effects could be obtained, like a sleeping man swallowing rats. The desire to create moving images pushed the projectionist to devise ingenious mechanisms to archive basic moving pictures.
For educational themes, the motion of the planets in orbit or a simulated eclipse of the sun could be created. Click here to see Chromotrope slide in action. They called them by strange names such as glass pivot, single and double slipper, single and double lever, pivoted lever slide, double pulley, single and double rackwork, eccentric movement, roller blind, astronomical rackwork, brass acrobatic, and the Choreutoscope slide. Many early magic lantern slide devices contained some rudimentary form of movement.
This usually involved a simple two-stage process. These particular slide transparencies consisted of two pieces of glass sandwiched together. The lantern operator would manually operate one glass on top of another. Since two separate, yet related images, were contained on the slides, the effect in the projected image was one of apparent movement.